Readings on Critical Study of the Social Movements in MENA


Achcar, Gilbert. The People Want: A Radical Exploration of the Arab Spring (Berkley: University of Californian Press, 2013).

Bayat, Asef. Life as Politics: How Ordinary People Change the Middle East, 2nd Ed. (Stanford University Press, 2013). 

Beinin, Joel and Vairel, Frédéric. eds. Social Movements, Mobilization, and Contestation in the Middle East and North Africa (Stanford University Press, 2011). 

Cole, June. The New Arabs: How the Millennial Generation is Changed the Middle East (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2014).

Cronin, Stephanie. ed. Subalterns and Social Protest: History from Below in the Middle East and North Africa (Routledge, 2011).

Dabashi, Hamid. The Arab Spring: The End of Postcolonialism (Zed Books, 2012).

Dabashi, Hamid. Iran, The Green Movement and the USA: The Fox and the Paradox (UK: Zed Books, 2010).

Ghonim, Wael. Revolution 2.0: The Power of the People is Greater Than the People in Power (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, 2012).

Gunning, Jeroen, and Ilan Zvi. Baron. Why Occupy a Square?: People, Protests and Movements in the Egyptian Revolution (New York: Oxford UP, 2013).

Haas, Mark L. The Arab Spring: change and resistance in the Middle East (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2013).

Haddad, Bassam. The dawn of the Arab uprisings: end of an old order? (London: Pluto Press, 2012).

Haerens, Margaret. The Arab Spring (Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2013).

Hashemi, Nader and Postal, Danny. eds. The Syria Dilemma  (A Boston Review book, 2013).

Hashemi, Nader and Postal, Danny. eds. The People Reloaded: The Green Movement and the Struggle for Iran’s Future (Brooklyn: Melville House, 2010).

Joya, Angela. The Arab revolts against neoliberalism (Toronto: Centre for Social Justice, 2011).

Khosrokhavar, Farhad. The Arab Revolutions that Shook the World (Paradigm Publishers, 2012).

Korany, Bahgat. Arab spring in Egypt: revolution and beyond (Cairo; New York: American University in Cairo Press, c2012).

Laremont, Ricardo R. ed. Revolution, Revolt and Reform in North Africa: The Arab Spring and Beyond (Routledge 2014).

Lynch, Marc. The Arab uprising: the unfinished revolutions of the new Middle East (New York: Public Affairs, c2012).

McMurray, David A. and Ufheil-Somers, Amanda. eds. The Arab Revolts: Dispatches on Militant Democracy in the Middle East (Indiana University Press, 2013).

Owen, Roger. The Rise and Fall of Arab Presidents for Life (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2012).

Sadiqi, Fatima and Ennaji, Moha eds. Women in the Middle East and North Africa: Agents of Change (Routledge, 2011).


Abou El Fadl, Khaled M. “The End of the Arab Spring, the Rise of ISIS and the Future of Political Islam.” Religion & Ethics. 23 Apr. 2015. <>.

Abou el Fadl, Khaled M. “The Perils of a ‘People’s Coup’” in The New York Times, July 7 2013. <>.

Achcar, Gilbert. “Syria and the Arab Spring: An Interview With Gilbert Achcar”. Huffington post, May 23, 2014. <>.

Alexander, Anne. “ISIS and Counter-revolution: Towards a Marxist Analysis.” International Socialism,  5 Jan. 2015. <>.

Ali, Tariq. “A Total Mess: What is a Revolution?” Counterpunch, 04 September 2013.  <>.

Ali, Tariq . “On Libya, the Arab Spring and Syria,” Counterpunch, 03 November 2013. <>.

Asad, Talal and Çubukçu, Ayça. “Neither Heroes, Nor Villains: A Conversation with Talal Asad on Egypt After Morsi,” Jadaliyya, Jul 23 2013. <>.

Ayoob, Mohammed. “The Arab Spring: its Geostrategic Significance,” Middle east Policy, Vol. XIX, No. 3, Fall 2012, pp. 84-97. <>.

Bali, Asli and Rana, Aziz. “Why There is No Military Solution to the Syrian Conflict,” Jadaliyya, May 13, 2013. <>.

Bayat, Asef. “Revolution and Despair.” Mada Masr. 24 Jan. 2015. <>.

Bayat, Asef. “Revolutions in Bad Times,” New Left Review, March-April 2013. <>.

Bayat, Asef. “The Post-Islamist Revolutions.” Foreign Affairs. 26 Apr. 2011. <>.

Bayat, Asef. “Paradox of Arab Refo-lutions,” Jadaliyya, March 3, 2011 <>.

Bayat, Asef. “Egypt and the Post-Islamist Middle East,” Jadaliyya, Feb. 10, 2011. <>.

Bayat, Asef. “A wave for Life and Liberty: The Green Movement and Iran’s Incomplete Revolution,” Open Democracy, July 2009. <>.

Bayat, Asef. “Islamism and Social Movement Theory,” Third World Quarterly, Vol. 26, No. 6, 2005, pp. 891-908.

Bayat, Asef. “Social Movements, Activism and Social Development in the Middle East,” United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Nov. 2000, 1-35 <$file/bayat.pdf>.

Bektas, Ali. The Flip-side of the Anti-Capitalist Coin: Istanbul Uprising, Counterpunch, June 05, 2013. <>.

Beinin, Joel. “Popular Social Movements and the Future of Egyptian Politics,” Middle East Report Online, March 2005. <>.

Benhabib, Seyla. “The Gezi Park Protests and the Future of Turkish Politics: An Interview with Benhabib, Seyla. “Dissent: A Quarterly of Politics and Culture, June 15, 2013. <>.

Berman, Sheri. “Marx’s Lesson for the Muslim Brothers,” The New York Times, August 10, 2013. <>.

Brown, Nathan J. After the Egyptian Coup, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, July 2013, <>.

Cammett, Melani and Diwan, Ishac. “Toward a Political Economy of the Arab Uprisings,” Jadaliyya, Dec 26-27 2013.
Part I:  <>.
Part II: <>.

Cole, Juan. “The Fall of Mosul and the False Promises of Modern History,” Informed Comment, June 11, 2014. <>.

Cole, June. The Arab millennials will be back: Three ways the youth rebellions are still shaping the Middle East,” Le Monde diplomatique, 29 JUNE 2014. <>.

Dabashi, Hamid. “Revolutions without Borders.” Alaraby. 6 Apr. 2015. <>.

El-Hamalawy, Hossam. ”Comrades and Brothers,” Middle East Report <>.

El-Ghobashy, Mona. “The Praxis of the Egyptian Revolution” Middle East Research and Information Project Vol. 258, Spring 2011: <>.

Esposito , John L. “on the Military Coup in Egypt,” Islamistgate – Tuesday 01/October/2013 <>.

Esposito, John L., and Faisal Kattan. “Generalising about the Arab Spring Is Playing with Fire.” Middle East Eye. 24 Jan. 2015. <>.

Falk, Richard. “What Can be Done about Syria? Tragedy and Impotence”, Global Justice in the 21st Century. 31 May 2013. <>.

Gezi, Nilüfer Göle: “Anatomy of Public Square Movement,’ Today’s Zaman, -07 June 2013. <>.

Goldstone, Jack A. “Toward a Fourth Generation of Revolutionary Theory,” Annual Review of Political Science, 2001, 4, pp. 139-187.

Harris, Kevan . “The Brokered Exuberance of The Middle Class: An Ethnographic Analysis of   Iran’s 2009 Green Movement,” Mobilization: An International Journal, 2012, 17(4): 435-455.

Harvey, David. “On Why Struggles over Urban Space Matter: An Interview with David Harvey,”Jadaliyya, November 15, 2013. <>.

Holmes, Amy Austin. “There are Weeks When Decades Happen: Structure And Strategy in the Egyptian Revolution,”Mobilization: An International Journal, 2012, 17(4): 391-410.

Hunter, Shireen T. “Iraq’s Disintegration Would be Contagious and Destabilizing,” Lobelog Foreign Policy, July 14, 2014. <>.

Iğsız, Aslı. “Brand Turkey and the Gezi Protests: Authoritarianism. Law, and Neoliberalism,” Jadaliyya, July 12-13 2013.
Part I:
Part II:

Kamrava, Mehran. “The Arab Spring and the Saudi-Led Counterrevolution,” Orbis, Winter 2012, pp. 96-104. <>.

Kurzman, Charles. “The Arab Spring Uncoiled,” Mobilization: An International Journal, 2012, 17(4): 377-390.

Leenders, Reinoud. “Collective Action and Mobilization In Dar’a: An Anatomy of The Onset of Syria’s Popular Uprising,” Mobilization: An International Journal, 2012, 17(4): 419-434.

Mahdavi, Mojtaba. Guest Editor. “Contemporary Social Movements in the MiddleEast and Beyond.” Sociology of Islam. Vol. 2, Issue 3-4, (2014).

Mahdavi, Mojtaba.”Introduction: East Meets the West? The Unfinished Project of Contemporary Social Movements in the MiddleEast and Beyond.” Sociology of Islam. Vol. 2, Issue 3-4 (2014), 103-110.

Mahdavi, Mojtaba. “Post-Islamist Trends in Postrevolutionary Iran,” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Volume 31, Number 1 (2011), 94-109.

Majd, Hooman. “Think again: Iran’s Green Movement; it’s a civil rights movement, not a revolution,” Foreign Policy, January 6, 2010. <>.

Mamdani, Mahmood. “Libya: Politics of humanitarian intervention,” Aljazeera, March 31, 2011. Available at:  <>.

Nomani, Farhad and Behdad, Sohrab. “Labor Rights and the Democracy Movement in Iran: Building a Social Democracy,” Northwestern Journal of International Human Rights, Vol. 10, Issue 4, 2012, pp. 212-230. <>.

Prashad, Vijay. “How Islamic State Grew Out of U.S Invasion of Iraq, Destruction of Nation,” Democracy Now, August 25, 2014. <>.

Prashad, Vijay .“ Libya in Chaos: Vijay Prashad on Rise of Islamist Militias & Bloody Legacy of 2011 U.S. Intervention,” Democracy Now, August 25, 2014. <>.

Prashad, Vijay. “The Geopolitics of the Islamic State,” The Hindu, July 3, 2014 <>.

Sadeghi, Fatemeh. “Why We Say No to Compulsory Hijab?”, July 2009. <>.

Tugal, Cihan. “Towards the End of a Dream? The Erdogan-Gulen Fallout and Islamic Liberalism’s Descent,” Jadaliyya, December 22 2013.  <>.

Cover photo by Hani Mohammed/AP